Time Is Now For Florida Blueberry Growers To Dig In

Another challenging Florida blueberry season is behind us. While official crop estimates will not be available for some time, I would guess that we will come in somewhere between 10 million and 13 million pounds for the 2015-2016 season, down about 50% from last season’s 25 million pound harvest.

What happened?

Blueberries first need chill hours to set bloom and then heat units to ripen.

A much warmer than normal November and December gave us little to no chill hours throughout the state, resulting in poor bloom set and difficulty in correctly timing hydrogen cyanamide applications.

We also were faced with much cooler than normal late winter and spring weather, causing our smaller crop to ripen much later than our normal harvest window.

The timing of our harvest meant that most of our labor went north before the bulk of the harvest could be completed, leaving a lot of fruit on the bush. The fruit that was left could not be harvested due to lack of labor or the economic reality of the price of the fruit falling below the level that is profitable to harvest.

Most growers I have talked to have put their harvest at 30% to 50% of what they got last season.

They say adversity breeds character; I also think it breeds innovation. We saw a lot of growers trying machine harvesting for the first time this season. Commissioner Adam Putnam and the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services mounted a multimedia campaign to promote U-Pick operations throughout the state, helping growers get some of the late fruit off the bush and put some money in their pockets. As a result of this promotion, a lot of Floridians got to experience the fun of a day on the farm picking our tasty and healthy blueberries with their friends and families.

Crop insurance is now available in most blueberry producing counties in the state at this time and more growers are investigating how this income protection will work with their operations.

Fine Forecast Ahead

We also are moving ahead with our blueberry crop forecast project. Commissioner Putnam has directed his staff to move this to the top of the list of things to be completed under his watch. Our first grower survey has been done so we have a better idea of the scope of blueberry growing operations in the state.

More work on the crop forecast system is still to be done by the scientists at UF/IFAS and the Florida Automated Weather Network. We are pulling together the blueberry plant breeders, climatologists, as well as computer and mathematics specialists to design, test, and fine-tune a forecasting model that should be in place in the next two years.

Our Florida blueberry industry continues to move ahead, expanding our acreage each year and meeting and overcoming challenges. Agriculture in any form is not an easy business, and blueberry plantings in large numbers are now a reality. But we are blessed with a lot of very hard-working and intelligent folks in the blueberry business. I am confident we will continue to find solutions to our problems and adapt with resilient determination and innovation to whatever Mother Nature and market forces put in our way.

Increase in the number of acres of commercially grown berries in FLorida.

Blueberries have been here in Florida for a long time, but only recently have we seen a tremendous increase in the number of acres of commercially grown berries in our state. We should surpass 8,000 acres this year, making Florida a serious player in the worldwide blueberry industry.

While some growers used to be able to produce a cash crop of berries on only a few acres, most commercial operations now range from 30-300 acres in size. But, unlike our northern neighbor growers, most of Florida’s blueberry crop is still harvested by hand, not machine. Continue reading

Florida Blueberries

Florida’s spring crop of blueberries is here! While some growers with early varieties or those located in the southern areas have already started harvesting small amounts of our tasty blueberries the real volume will come later this month and on into April and May when central and north Florida picking begins.

Unlike the rabbit eye varieties grown in the north, which are usually tiny and have a moderate taste, our Florida Southern High Bush berries are large and have a wonderful sweet flavor. It is not unusual to find Florida blueberries as big as your thumb! Continue reading

PRESIDENT’S LETTER: Overcoming the Challenges at Hand

CLEAN_DudleyCalfee-web

It is no secret that we are up against another challenging season.  The lack of chill throughout our state has caused our crop to be slow and most of it will be ripening later than our traditional harvest time.

All reports indicate that our neighbors to the north are running on time and may even be a little early this year.

A lot of fruit is going to hit the market at an unusual time this year.  What can we, as growers, do to mitigate this problem?

Continue reading

The Hot Topics on Everyone’s Minds

I am writing this letter in mid-December and right now the only thing I hear our blueberry growers talking about is “chill.” In the midst of this hot topic, the two words I hear most often in this discussion are “little” and “none.”

It has been a historically warm winter so far, and this poses significant challenges to us as blueberry growers. So far this year, chill has been hard to come by throughout the state. Chill is usually defined as the time our bushes spend below 45 degrees but above 32 degrees. More chill usually means more fruit. This lack of chill also makes Hydrogen Cyanamid application a bit more of a guessing game. Continue reading

Florida Blueberry Industry Still Has Some Growing Up To Do [Opinion]

Last season, Florida blueberry growers harvested about 25 million pounds of berries throughout the state. This was up from just less than 17 million the year before and closer to our harvest of 22 million pounds two seasons ago. If we believe the common wisdom that there are about 7,000 acres of blueberries in the state, this year’s harvest works out to an average of about 3,500 pounds per acre.

More beneficial chill hours, good growing conditions, favorable harvest weather, adequate labor supply at the beginning of the season, and additional mature plantings contributed to a record blueberry harvest for the state. Continue reading

PRESIDENTS LETTER

Dear Members,

On behalf of the Florida Blueberry Growers Association, I’d like to say a sincere thank you for your continued support of our organization and Florida agriculture.

Our spring meeting will be held Thursday, October 8th, 2015 at the Hillsborough Community College Trinkle Center located at 1206 North Park Road in Plant City. Continue reading